Climate Change Center J&K
Under National Mission For Sustainable Himalayan Ecosystem (NMSHE)
Sponsored by: Ministry of Science & Technology, Government of India
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State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC)

Recognizing the importance of the climate sensitive sector, the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) was launched in June 2008 with the Directorate of Environment and remote sensing, Government of Jammu and Kashmir being appointed as the nodal Agency. The nodal agency in collaboration with line government departments / agencies of the state has drafted the State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) with an objective to address the existing as well as future challenges of climate change and take actions to reduce the associated risks and vulnerabilities. State Gosvernment of J&K institutionalized the J&K State Council on Climate Change on 25th of April 2011. The State Council on Climate Change is a three-tier structure comprising of Governing Council headed by Hon’ble Chief Minister, Executive Council headed by the Chief Secretary and Expert Committee headed by the Director, Environment & Remote Sensing. While framing the council and the working group, the membership was drawn both from the line departments and also from the different associated departments/organizations. A nodal officer was appointed to co-ordinate the meetings, to collect/collate the required information and to develop the plans pertaining to each of the sectors.

The state action plan has been approved by the State Expert Committee and the State Executive Council and submitted to MOEF. The CCAP was presented to MOEF and was approved by the Expert Committee on 25-02-2014. Now it has been approved by National Steering Committee on Climate Change (NSCCC).

The SAPCC focuses on understanding of climate change, adaptation, mitigation and natural resource conservation through eleven sectors as mission mode. It provides multi-pronged and integrated framework for addressing climate change issues. All the identified 11 (eleven) sectors under the SAPCC report has been prioritized and made inter linkages each other over-arching to all the 8 (eight) National Mission under NAPCC. The eleven sectors under State action Plan on climate change are

Details of actions proposed to be undertaken under SAPCC.

The Strategies and Action Plan of SAPCC – Jammu and Kashmir take into consideration the projected, sources of major greenhouse gas emission, climate change impacts & related vulnerability assessment. Accordingly in order to address the threat perceptions through adaptation strategy, eleven key sectors, as detailed hereunder, have been identified for effective action in mission mode. Broadly, all the strategies & actions proposed have been prioritized for immediate targets, intermediate targets and long term targets upto 2030 based on assessment of certain issues like:

  • Review of existing state policies/programmes of the identified sector with reference to climate change sensitive issues;
  • Review of the sector-wise source of greenhouse gas emission
  • Sectoral issues & vulnerability with reference to the climate change;
  • Prioritization on adaptation & mitigation options of the sector; and
  • Strategies & action plan on status, priority, scale, financing pattern, time frame, concerned agencies, projected budget provision during 12th FYP period, etc.

In total of 235 actions were identified out of which 125 action were identified as high priority actions. The actions conceived under eleven state mission is strategized in mission mode and are highlighted hereunder:

Sustainable Himalayan Mission

  • Baseline study of climate change impact on flora, fauna species and on glacial ecology
  • Study on vulnerability of mountain ecology
  • Community participation for protection and conservation of mountain ecology, terrestrial ecology and aqua-ecology
  • Capacity building and awareness for all levels of stakeholders
  • Institutional development on biodiversity conservation and protection
  • Identification of climate grids and effect on forest and ecological resources
  • Study on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem
  • Study on anthropogenic intervention on ecological hotspot
  • Study of climate impact on migrated birds and their timings
  • Identification of current status of Himalayan ecology and climatic trend analysis for Himalayan ecology

Green India Mission

  • Implementation of J&K State Forest Policy
  • Capacity building and awareness for all levels of stakeholders
  • Gene bank development for climate adaptable species
  • Eco-restoration through afforestation and Climate oriented eco-restoration plan
  • Phenological Studies of Forest and other Tree Species
  • Flora and Fauna vulnerability study
  • Studies of carbon influxes/ out fluxes of various forest types / trees and their role in carbon sequestration
  • Study on per capita fuel wood consumption and alternative livelihood
  • Climate impact study in undisturbed/ protected forest areas.
  • E-green portal with geo-reference
  • Nursery development for climate adaptable species
  • REDD+ feasibility study for carbon sequestration
  • Study of climate change impact on wild life species
  • Climate change impacts on undisturbed forest area like national parks
  • Study on soil organic carbon of forest area
  • Studies of impact of managed watershed under different management system on sustained water availability

Water Mission

  • Generate baseline data with terrain analysis (contour/slope/ gradient/ aspect, etc.), with comprehensive land classification with catchment demarcation, river networks, lakes and water bodies, forest coverage, etc
  • Promoting and implementing water use Efficiency measures
  • Develop hydrological models for different seasons and calibration with the existing data
  • Comprehensive water budgeting in lieu of the current and future demand from domestic supply, irrigation, industry, tourism and for other sectors
  • Monitoring river flows and mapping of flood and drought zones
  • Formulate comprehensive rejuvenation plan for Dal Lake, Mansar Lake, Manasbal Lake, Pangong Lake and all other major lakes
  • Assessment and Implementation of rain water harvesting and artificial recharging of ground water
  • Emphasize the awareness and capacity building for conservation, concern and co-management of water
  • Dealing with flood in the changing climate scenarios.
  • Reducing impact of increased erosion and sedimentation
  • Creation of storage facilities on distributaries of river Chenab and Jhelum as per Indus Water Treaty

Disaster Management Mission

  • Hazard risk mapping using GIS and Remote sensing
  • Risk reduction through implementable planning and policy
  • Strengthening Communication Networks and Disaster Management Facilities
  • Hazard specific multi –parameter vulnerability assessment and social impact assessment at the regional and local levels for preparing contingency plan
  • Developing and promoting concept of Climate Smart Disaster Risk Management (CSDRM)
  • Preparation of disaster rescue and rehabilitation plan.
  • Awareness/ Sensitization/ Capacity Building 
  • Community based disaster management in the Disaster Management Plan at all levels
  • Disaster response training at the community level to build infrastructure and human resources for medical preparedness and emergency medical response to manage mass casualties during extreme events
  • Institutional development and operationalization of the regulatory framework for effective management of disaster under State Disaster Management Act 2005 for preparation of Disaster response and management plan

Tourism Mission

  • Undertaking capacity studies and developing EMP for ten tourist locations
  • Construction of Bio-toilet
  • Implementation of solid and liquid waste management facility at six locations
  • Improve climate change related knowledge base of tour operators
  • Undertake study on tourist-related transport emissions
  • Strategizing restoration of Dal Lake
  • Undertake study to identify new environmental friendly natural tourist destinations for their full fledged operation as tourist spots

Strategic Knowledge Mission

  • Map & Analyse knowledge sharing process, flow, protocol and priority
  • Compile currently available information for assessment frameworks, methods and tools for climate impacts, decision support tools, good adaptation practices
  • Establishment of weather and climate data and easy access of data to climate researchers and end users of vulnerable community as well as livelihood sector
  • Capacity building including developing of training module and imparting through regional workshop
  • Develop & maintain online portal on climate change
  • Organize, annual forum of learning seminar, workshop and dissemination of knowledge based products

Health Mission

  • District wise inventory on water born and vector borne diseases with respect to weather variability
  • Capacity building of all stakeholders on preparedness and with action on health front in situations of flash flood and earthquake hazard
  • Research and study on impact of climate change on human health
  • Construction of new hospitals with modern infrastructure and equipment’s to cope up with climatic impacts on human population
  • Modernization of existing hospitals and PHCs
  • Increase in disease surveillance
    • Systematic collection and analysis of data about vector borne diseases
    • Systematic collection and analysis of data about water borne diseases
    • Systematic collection and analysis of data about zoonotic  diseases
  • Integration of GIS mapping for collection, analyse and share data and identification of spatial areas of high concern
  • Monitoring system -
    • To understand changes in pattern of diseases
    • To deal with new diseases from emigrants (H1N1, H7N9 etc.)

Sustainable Agricultural Mission

  • Planning of cropping system and crop varieties through Crop diversification, drought tolerant crops and water saving crops
  • Capacity building of Planners farmers and extension workers and dissemination of new and appropriate technology:
  • Integrated nutrient management (INM)
  • Promoting Zero Tillage
  • Introducing Trash mulching in agriculture 5000 ha are to be covered under mulching practice for Kashmir Division
  • Combating climate related risk through Micro Irrigation programme
  • Management of climate change risk for sustainable productivity
  • Weather based Crop insurance
  • Enhancing capacity for livestock disease management and forecasting monitoring and management
  • Conservation of water bodies and fish stock augmentation in natural water bodies and promotion of fish farming
  • Screening of crops for moisture/heat/ disease/pest tolerance and nutrient use efficiency.
  • Crop yield and weather modeling for future projections
  • Carbon pool assessment /sequestration in forest and agricultural ecosystems
  • Conservation of pollinators, pollination and plant phenology mismatch
  • Grass Land Management / Forage/ Fodder production.
  • Developing Cold-Chain Infrastructure
  • Root-Stock & Progeny Plant Material
  • Protected cultivation and Precision Farming under Hi-tech Green Houses, Poly Green Houses & Shade Nets
  • In-situ moisture Conservation through Roof-top water harvesting
  • Establishment of two number of Bio- Diversity Parks (one in Jammu division and second in Kashmir division)

Sustainable Energy Mission

  • Promotion and implementation of solar city project
  • Promotion and facilitation of Off -grid and decentralized renewable energy generation for electrification, cooking and other thermal energy requirement
  • State Govt. by amendment of building bye-laws suitable to state condition would
  • promote and mandate use of solar water heating and/or lighting systems
  • Institutional development and strengthening of JAKEDA, LREDA and KREDA for promotion of Renewable Energy technology applications.
  • Harnessing renewable energy potential of the state for power generation
  • Strengthening of technical competency of various stakeholders of renewable energy which includes O&M persons, technicians, installers, manufacturers and other relevant service providers as per international standard
  • Enhancing State’s own power generation capacity through hydro power plant set up and provides support to private/public investors in projects implementation and undertakes micro/mini hydro projects for remote area to meet up local demand
  • Promotion of grid connected Roof top and Small Solar Power projects in the state of J&K
  • Promotion of Green buildings in the state

Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency

  • Establishment and incorporation of nodal office of Bureau of Energy Efficiency, J & K EC Act 2011
  • Promoting Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)
  • Promoting Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC)
  • Renovation and Modernization of Hydro-power Projects
  • Development of comprehensive scheme for promotion of energy efficient pumps in agriculture sector
  • Reducing Transmission and Distribution (T & D) Losses
  • Promoting Demand Side Management (DSM) and energy efficiency
  • Decentralized power generation
  • Harnessing the biomass potential
  • Development of policy for mandatory use of efficient light particularly for commercial organizations in the state
  • Expansion Conversion of conventional street lights to solar LED/CFL street lights
  • Maximizing solar power usage and Encouraging use of Solar Gadgets (especially in Industries)
  • State energy audit policy and Implementation of pilot Energy efficiency project and IGEA
  • Promoting Energy Efficiency Practices in the State
  • Awareness and implementation for use of CFL and replacing incandescent lamp under Bachat Lamp Yojna, Umbrella program of BEE
  • Implementation of Standards And Labelling Programme

Sustainable Habitat

  • Promotion of battery operated (charged from solar power) transport systems in tourist places, battery driven motor boats instead of diesel engine boats (battery charged from solar module mounted on the boat) and use of alternative fuel instead of diesel to drive Barges and other diesel driven equipment used for maintenance purpose in the lake
  • Capacity building of all of stakeholders to make them understand their role and maintain proper environment management system
  • GHG accounting study on emission by transport vehicles
  • Establishment of intelligent transport system
  • Policy framework in transport sector
  • Promotion of public transport and mass transport & Promotion of water transport
  • Reallocation of the hotels or application of STP near Dal lake & DPR preparation of STP
  • Establishment of end-to-end solid waste management system
  • Base line study on solid waste and industrial waste generation and DPR preparation & four pilot project implementation
  • Capacity Building/ Awareness Generation Program on segregation of solid waste at household level
  • Establishment of segregation mechanism of bio-medical waste in urban hospitals and in rural PHCs
  • Application of methane capture technology and preparation of fertilizer from weeds in Dal lake